Cyber Crimes increased now a days, because of the easily availability of Internet connection and Mobile phones. Internet connection is very cheap and also available for Smart Phones. Cyber crimes include both Mobile phones and Internet based. Sending of abusing Message, calls etc under cyber crime.
IT Act 2000 and Amendment 2008
India Governent passed IT Act 2000 for preventing cyber crimes in India. In 2008 amendment passed. The IT Act also addresses the important issues of security, which are so critical to the success of electronic transactions. Digital signatures have been given legal validity and sanction in the Act. Many of the IT Crimes under the sections of 66, and 67
Tampering with computer source documents.
65. Whoever knowingly or intentionally conceals, destroys or alters or intentionally or knowingly causes another to conceal, destroy or alter any computer source code used for a computer,computer programme, computer system or computer network, when the computer source code is required to be kept or maintained by law for the time being in force, shall be punishable with imprisonment up to three years, or with fine which may extend up to two lakh rupees, or with both.
Explanation.—For the purposes of this section, "computer source code" means the listing of programmes, computer commands, design and layout and programme analysis of computer resource in any form.Hacking with computer system.
66. (1) Whoever with the intent to cause or knowing that he is likely to cause wrongful
loss or damage to the public or any person destroys or deletes or alters any information residing in a computer resource or diminishes its value or utility or affects it injuriously by any means, commits hacking.
(2) Whoever commits hacking shall be punished with imprisonment up to three years,
or with fine which may extend upto two lakh rupees, or with both. Publishing of information which is obscene in electronic form.
67. Whoever publishes or transmits or causes to be published in the electronic form, any material which is lascivious or appeals to the prurient interest or if its effect is such as to tend to deprave and corrupt persons who are likely, having regard to all relevant circumstances, to read, see or hear the matter contained or embodied in it, shall be punished on first conviction with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to five years and with fine which may extend to one lakh rupees and in the event of a second or subsequent conviction with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years and also with fine which may extend to two lakh rupees.
Publication for fraudulent purpose.
74. Whoever knowingly creates, publishes or otherwise makes available a Digital Signature Certificate for any fraudulent or unlawful purpose shall be punished with imprisonment for a term, which may extend to two years, or with fine which may extend to one lakh rupees, or with both.
Act to apply for offence or contravention committed outside India.
75. (1) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (2), the provisions of this Act shall apply
also to any offence or contravention committed outside India by any person irrespective of his nationality.
(2) For the purposes of sub-section (1), this Act shall apply to an offence or
contravention committed outside India by any person if the act or conduct constituting 33
the offence or contravention involves a computer, computer system or computer
network located in India.